What can we do to protect ourselves and others from coronavirus infection?


To contain the spread of Omicron      29-11-21

In accordance with the four-step plan to ease lockdown, hospitality industry reopened from 17th of May.

Weekly new case as at 18-05 was merely 15,761 cases (Source : WHO COVID-19 Weekly Epidemiological Update 18-05-2021), since then weekly new infection case number has been  dramatically increasing to date: 404K cases in the last 7 days as of 29-11-21.  

With Covid, the situation can change quickly, as you can see numbers in Japan. Infection numbers are decreasing rapidly and dramatically in the last 3 months, whilst new infection case numbers are increasing in European countries.

Japanese people are used to use face masks to prevent infecting others of cold/flu virus as a manner, this could be the key to see the opposite trait of the new infection numbers.

The government at last has announced new rules on self-isolation and that face masks will be compulsory in shops and on public transport in England from 04:00 GMT on Tuesday, 30-12-21 in an effort to contain the spread of Omicron new variant.


We are still in the centre of this pandemic in the UK.

Cautious approach required with stringent daily hygiene practice.

Double Vaccinated, yet we can still get infected by Coronavirus

Even we have been double vaccinated, we can still be infected.  However, vaccination does seem to prevent us developing serious conditions and hospitalisation.

Source : BBC News, Marr on catching Covid after being double vaccinated

But I have the following thoughts.
First, early symptoms of this new strain, first identified in India, are very, very similar to those of a light cold – and it is incredibly infectious, so beware.

Second, if in any doubt at all, take a PCR test (polymerase-chain-reaction swab test).

Third, with a positive result, for goodness’ sake self-isolate. You may think you have superpowers because you have been double vaccinated. And, yes, the vaccine seems it does protect very well against admission to hospital – at no point did I have difficulty breathing. But that doesn’t mean you can’t become infected.

And it doesn’t mean the illness, hiding behind those bland words, “mild and moderate symptoms”, won’t be unpleasant.

New infection cases continue to increase

UK has continuously reported new infection increases week on week bases since early May due to the increased number of infection by more transmissible Delta variant.

While lockdown rules eased, we need to remind ourselves “Physical distancing, Hand hygiene, Masks and Ventilation”, even double vaccinated. It is reported that evidence so far tells us that vaccination does seem to prevent people developing serious conditions and hospitalisation.


Fear of unknown might prevent some people to take this great opportunity.

Is Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine safe?

The MHRA (The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency) reaffirmed that the benefits of the vaccine “continue to far outweigh the risks”.

We are aware that no medicine nor Vaccine is risk free, however it is essential for us to be aware of the risk, symptoms to watch and how to act should we have such symptoms.

CVST (cerebral venous sinus thrombosis) occurs when a clot forms in large veins in the brain.
As a result, blood cells may break and leak into brain tissue leading to a stroke.

Following extracts are some valuable information from BBC news.

How can I tell if I have one?

Anyone who has any of the following symptoms four days or more after having the vaccine should seek prompt medical help:

  • A severe, persistent headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Leg swelling
  • Persistent stomach/abdominal pain
  • Unusual bruising or red/purple pinpoint spots beyond the injection site where the vaccine is given
  • Neurological symptoms such as weakness in the legs or seizures

How long after the vaccine do clots appear?

Most cases have been seen between four days and a few weeks of people having the jab.

Medical experts in the UK now suggest doctors should consider this rare condition as a diagnosis in anyone who has matching symptoms up to a month after they have had the vaccine.

Can the clots be treated?

Generally, the quicker that cases are identified, the better for the patient.

Treatment can involve a number of medicines and includes immunoglobulins – immune proteins – given through a drip. Some patients will be sent home with new generation blood thinners and have regular monitoring.

According to blood specialist, Prof Adrian Newland, current evidence suggests 75% of people survive. An expert panel of blood specialists in the UK have put together guidance for doctors, which is being constantly updated.

Extract from BBC News “ Rare blood clots – what you need to know


We are responsible for our own well-being

Life will never be the same, we need to make adjustments to live life with-corona. It is important to remind ourselves that we are responsible for our own well-being, we need to take personal responsibility.  This would include receiving vaccines when we are invited.

COVID Conspiracy Theories

Most of our guests have been co-operative in creating safer environment at The Rufus House, however we notice that there are some people who deny the existence of this very infectious disease.

“COVID-19 is a hoax, why are you so strict!” said one of the guests. I did not know then that COVID Conspiracy Theories existed.

How my mum fell for conspiracy theories
Sebastian’s mum has grown a big online following by spreading dangerous Covid conspiracy theories.



Asymptomatic People

Asymptomatic people without any COVID-19 symptoms, could infect others without knowing.

Coronavirus: Asymptomatic cases 'carry same amount of virus'
But the South Korean study couldn't say how much this group actually passed coronavirus on.

Long COVID symptoms

Even young and healthy, some patients are left struggling with “long COVID symptoms” including lasting fatigue, persistent pain and breathlessness for months.

Long Covid: I used to run, now I can only walk 200 metres
Dr Nathalie MacDermott, 38, explains how Covid-19 has affected her life.
'Long Covid': Why are some people not recovering?
Why is coronavirus leaving some people with long-term health problems including fatigue?

What can we do against coronavirus

COVID-19 is a very infectious disease, asymptomatic person can infect others without knowing that he/she has virus.

However, we have lived with New Coronavirus for some time, science gained enough knowledge on “how to stay safe” by reducing the risk of being infected.

As far as we take those personal responsibilities, we can protect ourselves and others.


  1. Avoid Confined spaces ⇒Ventilate air
  2. Avoid Crowed places ⇒ use face coverings
  3. Avoid Close contact ⇒  2m  Social Distancing
  4. Other point:
    Frequent hand wash, do not touch your face, do not share food/towels etc. and disinfect objects and surfaces frequently.
  5. Join vaccination programme.

Enhance immune system

To fight against any virus, it is recommended to enhance our innate immune system.

  1. Take Vitamin D supplement which enhance immune system: Vitamin D 1000 IU (25μg) daily, softgel capsules are easier to swallow.
  2. Balanced diet: Lots of vegetables, fruits & root vegetables. Eggs, fish, mushrooms & beans.
  3. Daily exercise: Daily walk using five senses, be comfortable with warm clothing and good walking shoes.
  4. If you practice yoga: practice one asana slowly and mindfully with full awareness to body’s sensations which stimulates sympathetic nervous system, then practice shava-asana pose to activate the parasympathetic nervous system which creates a relaxing effect. By practicing alternately, you can regain balance in autonomic nervous system, thus enhance your immune system.
  5. Warm your body :  🛀 Soak in hot bathtub before going to bed.
  6. Sufficient sleep   💤

Avoid the 3Cs by WHO

What we can do now

We all have to work together to control pandemic!

  • Stay safe by avoiding Three Cs and practicing hygiene: one has to be responsible in reducing infection risk.
  • Any doubt of infection, follow government guidelines. Strictly follow self-isolation procedure to protect other people.
  • Try to overcome fear of unknown and receive vaccine when invitation arrives, unless you are advised not to do so by GPs.
  • Each of us needs to follow government instructions to control this pandemic.  It is time each of us cultivated Altruism, not Egoism.  We all need to work together to be safe, this would ultimately lead to recover UK economy.


Stay safe, but we do not need to be overanxious.

Etsuko Ito MSc.

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